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Welcome sign

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Location in Haiti

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Location in upstate Haiti, on Route Nationale 1











Saint-Marc (Kreyol: Sen Mak) is a historic seaport city in the Artibonite Department of Haiti. The second-largest city in the department, and the chief city of the borough that bears its name, it is located at the mouth of the Saint-Marc River on the Canal de Saint-Marc. As of 2015, the city of Saint-Marc had an estimated population of 266,642, making it the 7th-most populous city in Haiti. Located 45 miles (75 km) from Port-au-Prince and 33 (53 km) miles from L'Arcahaie, it is bordered by the towns of Grande-Saline to the north, Dessalines, Liancourt, and Verrettes, to the east, and Arcahaie to the south. The Greater Saint-Marc area is the 4th-largest urban area in Haiti.

Saint-Marc was inhabited by the Taino Indian tribe at the time of its French colonization. The French farming community became a center of trade, shipbuilding, and agriculture. The town incorporated to subsidize the Compagnie Nationale or National Railroad and rapidly industrialized following the rail line's connection to the Port-au-Prince and Verrettes. Manufacturing was the mainstay of the local economy until the 1970s.

Industrial restructuring and population migration caused the loss of many jobs and affluent residents, leaving Saint-Marc struggling with problems of poverty and crime. In the 21st century, conversion of older buildings to residential use, and other redevelopment is attracting new residents.

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Place Philippe Guerrier; Saint-Marc, Haiti

AboutEdit

History

Saint-Marc is located on the site of a Native Amerindian town of the fifteenth century that was at the northern limit of the caciquat of Xaragua. At that time, the town was known as the poetic name, "Amani-y". The date of its foundation dates back to the 17th century around 1695 and was raised to the rank of commune on September 13, 1915.

Some historians report that during his trip towards the island of Hispaniola, the French naturalist De Vries, surprised by a storm in the wind channel, in front of Borgne, dropped anchor in a bay still unexplored. The repairs repaired, the ship resumed her journey and arrived at her destination. Little after a while, the sailors returned to this bay which had raised their admiration by its safety, its beauty and fertility. They laid the groundwork for a stable dwelling placed under the invocation of Marc the Evangelist in memory of their discovery of this bay on April 25, 1695.

Other historians say that in 1695 French pirates of Dieppe (at the return of looting of Jamaica) settled in St. Marc under the conduct of a governor named Ducasse and undertook to build sedentary residences there. They became buccaneers and used the salt produced at the mouth of the Haïbonico River. One of his adventurers, Point du Sable, gave birth to that who later founded, in the United States of America, the city of Chicago, the famous Jean Baptiste Pointe de Sable.

In March 1790, the city welcomed 212 members of the colonial assembly called the Assembly of Saint Marc, presided over by Baron de la Chevalerie.

During the War of Independence, Saint-Marc was one of the regions in rebellion against the French settlers.

In February 1802, on the landing of the French troops under the orders of General Boudet on the arrival of the Leclerc expedition, General Dessalines ordered to set the city on fire.

Saint-Marc is one of the regions from the Artibonite Department who testify to a very rich historical past. Military architecture and civil society represented by fortifications such as Belair and Diamant are living proof of this.

Although protected by the surrounding mountains, in 1772 a cyclone had destroyed the harbor and deviated the bed of the Grande Rivière.

Most recently, in August 29, 2002, the city was hit by a flood which caused a lot of loss of life, in cattle heads and materials.

The commune of Saint-Marc is full of curiosities such as Gode River Falls, Cave of the Vault, Beaches of Big Rock and Amani-y, the Cascades on the Tapion River in Deschapelles.

Saint-Marc is today a city densely populated, grappling with profound transformations and mutations of any nature but which is preparing, in spite of all, to celebrate its 300th anniversary of foundation on April 25th. Never in its history has it known, as much as today, such significant upheavals on the physical, structural, social, residential, cultural and demographic levels. Cities, like humans, are destined to grow, to change in size, to evolve over time.

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The Decalogue at Place Philippe Gurrier

OverviewEdit

St. Marc is a large port town surrounded by mountains. At all times, there are many boats in the port, typically sail boats.

The town is located on flat land close to the sea but its edges extend into the foothills. From these vantage points, the ocean is sometimes viewable. The city has a few park spaces, including Place Cite Nissage Saget. These parks are often surrounded by vendors with carts full of goods.

Local residents enjoy the rich culture of Saint-Marc and it is considered a safe place to live. About 60% of the population lives in the communal section, meaning outside of town. As a result, they are beyond its infrastructure and lack drainage systems, electricity and potable water.

Recent development projects have been underway in Saint-Marc, with assistance and funding from USAID and IOM. They include: grading and paving roads, implementing a sewage/drainage system and providing access to potable water at various points throughout the larger town. In addition, a USAID project trained youth to map the town on OpenStreetMap, a free, editable online map.

GeographyEdit

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Regional road map

Saint-Marc is a tableland ringed by mountain ranges. Of the many beaches grazing the coastline of Saint-Marc, Amani-y Beach remains the most-visited. Besides its rich marine life, many exploration areas exist, which make for good scuba diving. Located between the basin of the Artibonite and the Gulf of Gonâve, (entrance to the Bay of St. Mark ), facing the north side of the Chaîne des Matheux. It is bounded on the north by the municipality of Grande-Saline, on the south by the Commune of Arcahaie and on the west by the Gulf of Gonâve. It is subdivided into six communal sections. It has at least 129 localities and 124 habitations, and one neighborhood, Montrouis, which belongs to the 1st communal section of Délugé.

The municipality of Saint Marc has a relief mainly composed of mountains. Its climate varies from normal to cool. Due to its geographical location, this municipality, more particularly its urban center, is coastal and crossed by the Route Nationale 1. Only 104 kilometers and about about fifty kilometers separate it respectively from Port-au-Prince and Gonaïves.

Demographics

Year Population
1982 43,152 est.
1998 154,257
2005 209,639 +26%
2015 266,642 +21%

In the absence of an accurate census, there are many estimates of the population of the city, which seem to some quite fanciful. For the occasion, the total population of 400,000 inhabitants advanced by Rosmy Parady Millien (in Focus on Saint-Marc, March 16, 2013) considers more plausibility.

Under the pressure of progressive population growth, the walls of the "historic city" burst, at the same time as an implosion occurred, dispersing in all directions this imposing overflow of people towards the periphery first, then towards the mountains and the Heights. Urban sprawl is therefore accelerating at an unbridled pace, revealing itself at once aggressive, disorganized and conquering in its deployment. One must only "lift your head and look", among other things, towards Morne La Vigie and Morne Calvaire and you will realize that "Favelas" , like those of Brazil, are implanted there, offering to the sight a spectacle of which one could do without.

In 2005, the population of the commune of Saint-Marc was estimated at 209,639 inhabitants, or 110,919 women (52.91%) for 98,720 men (47.09%). In 2012, the trend of this proportion has been maintained, and the overall estimate for this population has increased to 254,458; 131,280 women (51.59%) for 123,178 men (48.41%). From this population 162,828 people are eligible to vote and reach the required age of 18.

56.61% of the population live in urban areas, ie 144,040 inhabitants. The 110,418 remaining persons, representing 43.39% of the communal population, are distributed in the middle rural, in the six communal sections. This urban population is growing rapidly with a natural growth rate of the area estimated at 3.4%. The strong migration of population from the western department after the earthquake of January 12, 2010 and the flow of migration usually caused by the rural exodus would be the basis of an anarchic extension of the city in the absence of a town planning master plan.

For an area of ​​approximately 520.91 km2, the density of the municipality is around 489 inhabitants / km2. Although concentrated in urban areas, it is, in fact, one of the most densest of communes in the Artibonite department.

Hydrographic network

The municipality of Saint-Marc is crossed by an important network of rivers: the Grande Rivière of Saint-Marc and the Petite Rivière of Saint-Marc, the Lanzac and Abricot rivers located in the 1st Section of Délugé, the river from Freycineau and the Artibonite River originating in the Dominican Republic .

It should be noted that the Great St. Marc River receives the waters of two tributaries: the Veuve River and the Gobe ​​River.

Land occupation

Agriculture occupies nearly 40% of the commune's land. It is of the rain type in the 3rd and 4th sections and irrigated type in the 1st , 2nd , 4th , 5th and 6th sections. The mountain areas account for 41.6% of the total area of ​​the municipality and the lowland areas 25%. The plains are mainly covered with banana trees, real trees, coconut palms and avocado trees. The savanna zones (rice zone) come third in the commune and occupy 17%. This zone corresponds to the Communal Section of Bocozelle. In addition to the savannah areas, there are pastures with an area of ​​almost 6%. The forest and agroforestry areas represent respectively 3.54% and 4.63% of the total area.

But the most serious of dangers, and by far the biggest, which lurks the city for the next few years, is the reduction of cultivable areas. Concrete leads hard life to farmland. Most of the beautiful and verdant "gardens" that were once known, sugar cane fields, bananas, potatoes, maize, etc. located on the outskirts of the city and beyond it have long been sold, sold or made available to potential buyers for the construction of houses, imposing houses most often. Thus, land speculation is running at full speed, regardless of "neither dry nor té wouze". Owners, buyers and intermediaries of all stripes actively participate in this lucrative market in a sort of regulatory vacuum, the appearance of lack of standards, or deliberate disregard for them. According to reliable information, such standards exist. It's their strict application who is not at the rendezvous. Meanwhile, the cultivable areas are dwindling.

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Grosse Roche Beach in Saint-Marc, Haiti

Climate

The Municipality of Saint-Marc is in the semi-arid tropical climate zone. Saint-Marc is influenced by the local steppe climate (warm climate found in savannahs and vast plains). In this county, the annual rainfall is insignificant. It is characterized by two major climatic variations: a rainy season extending from April to October (1,300 mm {51 inches} / year) and a dry period from November to March (220 mm {9 inches} / year). The average monthly rainfall is 128 mm {5 inches}. The average annual temperature of the municipality is around 26 degrees Celsius (79* F).

Constraints and potentiality

The City of Saint-Marc is located in the northern part of a crescent-shaped littoral plain, bounded on the west by the sea and on the east by mountainous landforms that lock it to the south and north.

Environmental risks

The commune is practically at risk of flooding in its lowland areas in its northern part.This mainly affects the 5th communal section of Bocozelle. In addition, it enjoys sufficient rainfall, a little more in the southern part of the municipality. Between 600 and 1400 mm rain are expected annually, with all the same average around 700 mm of rain per year. On the other hand, the risk of erosion is variable, by zone, but overall average, and only about three-quarters of the municipal territory.

The food insecurity (food scarcity) of the entire population will come faster than we think, if we continue at this frantic pace of concrete cover the arable land, the available agricultural areas of the region. It is absolutely essential and even vital to stop this unimaginable mess while there is still time, although irreparable damage has already been done to this chapter. Remember that: concrete does not produce food, concrete does not give food! An "agricultural zonation" or reinforcement is needed before it is too late. Only an energetic mayor, endowed with vision, who is not cold-hearted, honest, surrounded by assessors just as honest, can stick to this task to put order in this extremely important issue for the future from the city. It will be a long-term job.

EconomyEdit

Economically, Saint-Marc is an area of ​​intense activity, without there being, strictly speaking, large enterprises there worthy of this title. These economic activities cover areas as diverse as transport, water, automobile mechanics, the flow of food or other food, catering, hotels and clubs, etc. As a result, there are ten supermarkets and 350 shops, seven hardware stores, twenty car garages, 50 carpentry shops, 300 restaurants, the most coveted of which are Pivert's two night restaurants: Kay Foun and Villane-Marie, transfer offices (Unitransfert, Western Union, CAM Transfer / Money Gram), commercial banks (Unibank at Surpris Laurent Street, Sogebank at Louverture Street and the National Bank at the corner of Louverture and Surpris Laurent), six institutions (SOKOLAVIM, FAHF, SODARME, FINCA, ACME and Capital credit), many agencies of large local companies involved in various fields (brewery depots: BRANA, La Couronne, Sejourné, Tropic S.A, Larco and mobile phone agency: Digicel and Natcom. etc.),

of 24 hotels (the most famous are: Club Indigo, Moulin sur Mer, Xaragua, Wahoo Bay, Kaliko), four gas stations (National, Total, Sol, Easy Gaz Station), 55 hairdressing salons, 75 bakeries and five craft enterprises. It should be noted that a good part of these activities are carried out in the informal setting.

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Delimart; Saint-Marc

Commerce is the largest trade in St-Marc. Many find work as a merchant, either with their own stand in the market or at a boutik “convenient store” stand. There are also a multitude of street sellers who carry baskets of goods or candy on their heads, as well as selling canned milk to passers-by. Not many of these products are manufactured in St-Marc.

Nearly all products sold are received in the country as donations or surpluses from second-hand stores in the US. St-Marc markets are open daily, featuring almost any type of fruit or vegetable grown locally. St-Marc hosts a charcoal market for cooking material. As charcoal is used for much of the cooking in St-Marc and throughout Haiti in general, it is manufactured locally and supports a large work force. The island has become deforested from so much wood being taken from the forests.

Aside from the charcoal market, St-Marc’s economics revolve a great deal around agricultural products produced in the area. In Deye Legliz, an area near St-Marc harbor, food markets are open daily. Most residents shop on Saturday to stock up on food supplies for the week.

Streets of St. Marc, Haiti

Streets of Saint-Marc, Haiti

The Boulevard area houses a large flea market, with a variety of mostly second-hand items sold, including clothing, electronic equipment, shoes, toys, bicycles, etc. Many people from Port-au-Prince come to the markets in St. Marc because of the inexpensive costs.

ShoppingEdit

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Saint-Marc

Retail bricks and mortar (or wooden) stores also exist in St-Marc. These include: pharmacies that sell medicinal products, open-air markets (marché) that sell food and many other types of goods, bakeries with wheat and cassava bread and various sweet baked goods, convenience stores, and magazins or specialty shops for such items as fabric, hardware, beauty salons and car parts.

GovernmentEdit

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Saint-Marc City Hall

The Municipal institution of Saint-Marc is managed by a committee of three members framed by a cell of communication and a firm. It includes a general management and five sub-directorates: Local Finance, Administrative Affairs, Social Affairs, Civil Protection and Development, and Management of the territory.

This organization shows that the municipal principle manifests a desire to respond to duties assigned to it. However, some important services do not work or are idle, accusing a major deficit in terms of human resources, methods and techniques. Because of these problems in particular, the administration only addresses the minimum of domains under its jurisdiction.

InfrastructureEdit

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Saint-Marc

According to Haiti's Poverty Map, Saint-Marc is a badly ranked commune if one considers the living conditions of its population in terms of access to basic education, health, running water and sanitation.

Transportation

Transportation in Saint-Marc Arrondissement is very good. Saint-Marc is located 100 kilometers from Port-au-Prince, the capital, and 50 kilometers from the city of Gonaïves. The way to get from the capital of Port-au-Prince through Saint-Marc is by means of Route Nationale 1, which extends all the way up to the coastal towns of Montrouis and Gonaïves, before reaching its terminus at the northern port of Cap-Haïtien. The whole city is crossed from north to south by Route Nationale 1, one of the most important roads of the country. This road borrows, in its crossing of Saint-Marc, the main commercial artery of the city: Rue Louverture

The most prevalent mode of transportation is the motorcycle (mobylette), due to the inexpensive maintenance and low gas consumption. Generally, people fit as many as four on a bike even though the mobylettes are designed for a maximum of two people. Bikes are another common source of transport. Cars are considered a luxury mode of transportation.

Moreover, another situation that horrifies the Saint-Marcois, visitors and pedestrians is the extreme danger of its streets. For several years now, these have been added to the list of enemies of their users because packs of motorcycles and bicycles that clash daily in both directions and in all directions significantly reduce the space of individual movement safe from these. Not to mention the presence of large trucks and cars with which the unfortunate pedestrian must share the road, with the constant risk of endangering his physical integrity.

St. Marc is known for being a blend of city and rural lifestyles. For many living in Port-au-Prince, it is considered the start of the “country”. Goats are rampant and can be seen roaming about the city streets. Many people in Saint-Marc also own cows or chickens.

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Port of Saint-Marc

Port of Saint MarcEdit

Like almost all Haitian cities, Saint-Marc has developed around the port function. The port is open to foreign trade. The wharf is located in the historic center. The port activities and the road traffic that they generate, are in conflict with the urban activities; they even have a negative impact on the urban environment

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College Eben-Ezer-de Saint-Marc

Education

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Lycee du Bicentennaire de Saint-Marc

For the first index, it is the department of Artibonite in general that has unfavorable access to basic education and Saint-Marc also has a strong deficiency in this area. Moreover, the official results in success rate over the past five years are deplorable: less than 10% on average.

The Ministry of National Education of Youth and Sports is represented in the municipality by a school district. The person in charge is an inspector responsible for supervising the activities concerning him. At the educational level, there are approximately 233 schools (preschool, primary school and secondary). The number of technical and professional schools is fourteen.

Health

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A Saint-Marc clinic

The Artibonite Department is also ranked poorly in terms of health services. Despite the administrative management of the Saint-Nicolas hospital by a powerful American NGO and the supervision of the dispensaries by the Regional Office of the UCS (Communal Health Unit), Saint-Marc occupies a moderately weak place and ranks among 12 of the 15 communes of the department whose ranks vary between "extremely weak", "very weak" and "weak". According to the Coordination Unit of the National Food and Nutrition Program of the MSPP (Ministry of Health and Population), food insecurity is very high with a prevalence rate that varies between 51% and 60%. Chronic malnutrition amounts to 29.6%.

In terms of health, the Ministry of Public Health and Population is represented in the commune by a municipal health office. There are 35 health facilities including five hospitals, seventeen clinics, seven clinics, two health centers with beds and four health centers without beds in the commune. In addition, nearly 47 doctors, sixteen dentists, 57 nurses, 53 auxiliaries, eight laboratory technicians and a radiologist provide the health service at these institutions.

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St. Nicolas Hospital, in St. Marc, Haiti serves a population of 1.6 million.

Utilities

At the commune level, 39 water points were inventoried including 18 rivers, 19 springs, a pond and three lagoons. Other water points were 22 single boreholes, twelve artesian wells, six valves and two pumps.

As far as Electricity is concerned, the urban part and most of the localities and habitations of the municipality are electrified. The Electricity of Haiti is the institution responsible for the distribution of electricity in this municipality. The hydroelectric network provides an average of 45 hours of electricity per week.

Although Saint-Marc is not considered an arid region, the availability of running water (or drinking water) is rather precarious in the municipal area. Saint-Marc is not ranked among the 26 communes (out of 133) that have a more or less satisfactory accessibility in running water. Moreover, the high population density has caused an imbalance in the availability of water that even the management assumed by the French-Haitian firm SESAM (Society of Waters of Saint-Marc) can not contain. More than 60% of urban homes, excluding peri-urban areas, are not connected to the current distribution network. Only 20% of the rural population of Saint-Marc consume water from a drinking water supply system (SAEP) regardless of the reliability of its structure.

Security

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Saint-Marc police station

With regard to Administrative and Judiciary Infrastructures, the municipality of Saint Marc has a public prosecutor's office, a civil court, three registrars, three courts of peace, a police station and annexes of sub-police station. There is also a prison.

The city of Saint-Marc (also called City of Nissage Saget) is directed by a municipal council of three members including the titular mayor while each of the communal sections is administered by a Council of the Communal Section or CASEC.

According to the Haitian Constitution of 1987 (in force), the municipal council should be assisted by a Municipal Assembly composed of representatives of the Communal Sections. For the Communal Sections, the decisions of the CASECs must be ratified by the ASECs or Assemblies of the communal sections.

The Vice-delegation, formerly called prefecture (until 1986), has its seat in the City and represents the President of the Republic at the level of the district of Saint-Marc (All the communes of Saint-Marc, Verrettes and from La Chapelle).

Different deconcentrated government departments exist in the municipality and sit in the city: the General Directorate of Taxation (DGI), the Regional Office of Public Works, Transport and Communications (TPTC), the Regional Office of Electricity of Haiti (EDH), the Office Agricole Communal (BAC), the Office of the National Port Authority (APN), the Regional Office of the ONA (National Insurance Office), the Municipal Library, etc .

A private firm, SESAM, has a monopoly on the exploitation of water in urban space following the law on water reform and through contracts and other concessions granted by DINEPA.

NeighborhoodsEdit

SMC Saint-Marc 266,642
VSM Ville de Saint-Marc Urban 149,653
QMT Quartier de Montrouis Urban 8,630
DLG 1ère Section Deluge Rural section 13,606 Augier, Bénittier, Beyer, Dauphine, Dégence, Délugé, Duperrier, Etang, Fond-Paul, Grande-Savane, Gresseau, Gressot, Langlois, Lanzac, La Source, Limeau, Montrouis, Piatte, Pinard, Plaine Olive, Raboto, Robert, Vidon
BOF 2ème Section Bois Neuf Rural section 25,940 Anse Pirogue, Bachette, Banique, Bois Neuf, Bourgeois, Camp Nini, Canelle, Canot, Chadrine, Chapelet, Drouin, Duclos, Fourien, Frecineau, Gardère, Goyavier, Grand-Fond, Jeanton, La Colline, La Coude, La Rochelle, Mare Rosanne, Marie Ti Place, Massambi, Périsse, Pierre-Payen, Platon-Montagne, Risque, Rousseau, Roussette, Sisal, Tamarin, Terre-Noire, Ti Place
GOY 3ème Section Goyavier Rural 10,765 Ca Day, Coukio, Dogen, Doguen, Fond-Pierrot, Georges Jean, Gilbert, Goyavier, Gros Morne, Janette, Lampré, Morin, Pavajonc, Popotte, Robion
LAL 4ème Section Lalouère Rural 15,712 Babe, Bel Air, Bellevue, Bimani, Bobe Bertrand, Bois Etienne, Bois l'état, Dipson, Godé, Grand-Fond, Guichamp, Guignon, Henry, Jambon, Janain, La Garème, Laloue, Lamothe, Motaca, Painson, Rassemble, Toman, Viéllot, Villejoint
BZL 5ème Section Bocozelle Rural 32,894 Acul Basse Terre, Béllange, Bertrand, Bertreng, Bocozel, Boudet ti Place, Camp de l'ODVA, Chauvet, Chevreau-des-Cloches, Colmini, Croix-Mulâtresse, Danache, Deschatelles, Dipson, Duclas, Ferry, Gregoire, Gros-Morne, Grosse-Roche, Guiton, Jacques, L'Amérique, Léocéane, Lubin, Modelle, Molette, Petit-Pothenot, Poirrier, Portail Guepe, Saline des Cotes, Terre Noire
CTT 6ème Section Charrette Rural 9442 Charette, Dorval, La Vigie, Moreau, Pivert, Pont Bambou, Pont Charriot, Portail Montrouis, Terre Blanche, Venotte, Yousse
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Commune map of Saint-Marc, Haiti

CultureEdit

Saint-Marc residents are so noted for their warmth and hospitality; their voices frequently sound as if they are yelling and angry. This love of life translates into a passion for everything, especially music. If they are voodoo believers, you will most likely find them listening to Haitian folk songs. Otherwise, they prefer Troubadou, or American pop music.

Religion

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Cathedrale de Saint-Marc

Approximately 130 churches of all beliefs were counted in the municipality of Saint-Marc. These faiths are: Catholic, Baptist, Adventist, Pentecostal, Church of God, Wesleyan and Jehovah's Witness.

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Eglise Baptiste Eben-Ezer de Saint-Marc

Religious believers follow mostly Catholicism and Vodun. Both are prevalent throughout the country. Catholicism/Christianity is the most widespread and generally accepted religion in St-Marc. Most Haitians attend church on Sundays. Roman Catholicism was brought by the French colonists who settled Saint-Domingue; missionary priests and others worked to convert enslaved Africans. Some 80% of Haitians are practicing Catholics, sometimes combining it with elements of Vodun. Evangelical Protestants and Baptist churches are also very common in St-Marc. The majority of residents are very involved in their church as centers of community and cultural identity. On any given day, groups of people singing hymns can also be heard throughout the streets.

Vodun developed from combining of the different West African religions brought by slaves; the word Vodun is derived from an African word meaning spirit. It is more strongly rooted in the rural areas, and this population is more reluctant to accept Western medicine.

Organizations

Several non-governmental organizations intervene in the commune of Saint-Marc piloting development actions. According to the information provided by various resource persons at the time of inquiry, four political parties, 33 people's organizations, three non-commercial co-operatives, two NGOs, three international organizations, and more than one hundred grassroots community organizations (CBOs) are identified in the commune.

Socio-organizational environment of the municipality

From the administrative point of view, in addition to the city hall, different administrations of the State are represented in the municipality and sit in the city: the General Directorate of (DGI), the Regional Office of Public Works, Transport and Communications (TPTC), the regional office of the Electricity of Haiti (EDH), the Bureau of Communal Agriculture (BAC), the Office of the National Port Authority (NPA), the Regional Office of ONA National Insurance (ONA). Several non-governmental organizations intervene in the commune of Saint-Marc piloting development actions.

Communication

The city of Saint-Marc has fourteen radio stations, a newspaper / magazine and three television stations.

Telephone services are insured by two Mobile private telephone companies (Digicel and Natcom).

Leisure

As for Leisure, a museum, a theater, three libraries, six cinemas, a football (soccer) pitch, volleyball court, basketball court, tennis court and twelve night clubs have been counted in this municipality, in addition to the gaguères which are 43.

The most popular sports are football (soccer), basketball and volleyball.

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Regarding cultural heritage, there are three monuments and sites that are colonial, historical and natural. With a rich and eventful history of commerce, the town of Saint-Marc remains an important commune among others and has a place of choice in the history of the country.

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Soccer pitch; Saint-Marc, Haiti

Saint-Marc has many curiosities and tourist attractions, among which are the historical and archaeological monuments such as the forts Diamant and Blockaus on the northern summit of the mountain (North-West and North-East), the colonial mill of Guillon in the 4th section; the natural sites such as the falls of the river Gode in the 4th section, the cave from the Vault to Rober (around the Janin habitation) in the 4th section, Grosse Roche Beach beaches in the north and Amani-y-les-Bains in the south.

Use of urban spaceEdit

The city of Saint-Marc serves as a support for multiple economic activities grouped into specialized neighborhoods. Population growth and the uncontrolled arrival of immigrants pose serious problems in terms of food, housing, sanitation, sanitation, unemployment and crime. There is a public square, a theater, a football park, seven night clubs, two communal markets and a slaughterhouse.

PeopleEdit

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Saint-Marc

Haitians are a very hospitable and welcoming population, including those in Saint-Marc. It is said here that “Bonjou is the passport”, meaning that saying hello opens doors. Every time you see someone you know or have just met, you must say either “bonjou or bonswa”, literally meaning ‘good day’ or ‘good evening’. Typically the person who enters a room makes the greeting.

Although Saint-Marc is known as the “Pleasure City” as many young people reside here; the majority of people live in abject poverty and work extremely hard to make ends meet.

Haitians tend to have a style of talking with powerful projection. Visitors sometimes perceive them to be angry when they are having ordinary exchanges. People in St. Marc enjoy exchanging jokes with each other. Comedy is a favorite pastime.

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Place Philippe Guerrier de Saint-Marc

MusicEdit

There are three main types of music listened to in Saint-Marc: Troubadou or twoubadou is very similar to Salsa music and includes drums, trumpets, and guitar. Haitian folk music is strongly associated with Vodou. It is often played as processional music in the streets between Ash Wednesday and Easter Sunday.

In Saint-Marc, many people also listen to popular American music. Popular Haitian groups have developed over the years, such as Les Formidables. This group is no longer together as most members live overseas, but the group’s music lingers in the culture. Virtuose is a very popular group in Saint-Marc. BC and Gwoup 703 are other popular Haitian groups.

RapCreole is an emerging popular style among the youth. Typically this kind of rap uses rhythms typical of Haitian folk or popular music. Popular ‘RapKreyol’ artists include BC (Barikad Crew), Skwardy, Izolan, Fantom. Sebastien Pierre is a popular R&B artist.

Zomò is one of the most popular singer at Saint-Marc. In 2014, he featured in a music called Lifes goes on which was one of the best in Haiti.

FoodEdit

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Food from La Colline Hotel; Saint-Marc, Haiti

If Saint-Marc people love music, they love food as much or more. They grow staple crops of rice, pasta, and plantains, and fish coastal waters for local varieties of seafood. Their tastes run to very sweet and spicy seasonings. Local commerce drives the economy of Saint-Marc. A farmers market of new and second-hand wares operates daily, along with produce and meat markets.

Food plays a large role in the life of people in Saint-Marc. Meals are an important part of normal daily social interaction. For the most part, cooking is done outside to avoid overheating and moisture collection inside.

Plantains, rice or pasta are staples of almost every meal. Seafood is also consumed regularly. For instance, crab, dried cod and fresh fish are available.

Goat is perhaps the most common meat, but chicken and beef are also consumed regularly. Haitians have an affinity for either very spicy food (even peanut butter is spicy) or very sweet food (sugar is added to sugary cereals). Spices and spicy peppers are used abundantly in Haitian cuisine.

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Saint-Marc is known for its popcorn

A significant amount of produce is grown locally, specifically bananas, plantains, mangoes, cherries, corn, manioc, rice, and tomatoes. The typical Saint-Marc resident consumes a lot of fruit. A dish very specific to Saint-Marc consists of rice with sauce “pois” (beans), crab/goat meat mixed in, or both. Other dishes include bananne pesse (fried plaintains) which are accompanied with piklese, a spicy “gardiniera” mixture that consists of carrots, cabbage, and peppers.

Soup is typically prepared on Sunday to make use of all the week's leftovers. It usually consists of several types of meat, potatoes, and carrots. Fresh fish, typically sole, is also consumed regularly. This fish is cooked over an open fire with a mayonnaise-based marinade mixed with various spices.

Riz du lait is a common dessert, essentially a rice pudding made with cinnamon, milk, sugar, and butter. Other Creole-named desserts include dous makos (Haitian fudge), dous kokoye (homemade coconut candy), pen patat (sweet potato bread), pen diri (rice bread), etc.

DemographicsEdit

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Saint-Marc, Haiti

According to ARCHIVE Research: In general, people from St. Marc are classified as a Middle class and a Lower Class (the poverty class). The former is generally literate in French, while the latter use Creole and may not be literate. Many of the better schools teach both French and English as formal languages, resulting in children gaining fluency in those and Creole, their first language.

Residents aspire to having a concrete masonry house (CMU), associated with security and wealth. Middle-class families may also wish to save enough money to emigrate with their children from the struggling country. Some observers think the struggle for survival for most families works against joint goals for the city and nation.

AttractionsEdit

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Amani-y Beach in Saint-Marc

Going to the beach is a popular activity for families and friends on the weekend. The most popular time to go is on Sunday after church. The most important beaches in St-Marc are Grosse Roche and Amani-y.

Amani-y beach is a white sandy beach. It was abandoned for more than 25 years before being acquired by the current developer. It is the site of a noted "Zombie hole", a 200-meters-deep reef that features large "Elephant Ears" fan coral, sponge tubes, black coral, blue tang, sea urchins, and many more.

Near the beach are some of the region's noted historical sites, such as: the Palace with 365 doors and 52 windows in Petite Rivière de l'Artibonite; the forts in Marchand Dessalines; the pilgrimage site of Saut d’Eau; and the port of Saint-Marc.

An experienced diver has described the diving at Amani-y as follows:

“ The diving at Amani-y is remarkable and unique. On the east end of the beach, walking out to chest -high water brings you to a dramatic drop-off, a wall going down hundreds of meters. At about 120 feet, a series of giant sponges begins. Making this dive easy is the fact that to the immediate west, a gradual slope takes you up to 30 feet, then 15-20, then ten feet or less, so decompression can be done in a very exciting and relaxing way. The shallower water is perfect snorkeling for non-divers."

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Saint-Marc, Haiti

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Saint-Marc Arrondissement: Saint-Marc, La Chapelle, Verrettes, Montrouis, Liancourt

ReferencesEdit

The City of Saint-Marc and the march of time [1] Michael Vedrine

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