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Petit-Goâve (Kreyol: Piti gwav), one of the first cities to be established in Haiti, is a commune in the Western Department of Haiti. Petit-Goave is the second most populous city in the Léogâne Arrondissement and the 13th most populous city in Haiti. It was inhabited by the Amerindians, who named it Goâve. It became Aguava when the Spanish colonists settled it. Eventually the French acquired and divided it, re-naming it Grand-Goâve and Petit-Goâve. Petit-Goâve served as the temporary capital of the prosperous colony of Saint-Domingue. The city is situated at the mouth of the Rivière de la Digue at the head of the Petit-Goâve Bay.

Petit-Goave was one of the wealthiest cities in the country, thanks to its position on the Windward Passage and the importation of slaves. Today, the city of Petit-Goâve is home to a hospital, three high schools, 5 volleyball, and 3 football (soccer) clubs (2008) which have shifted the city's economy into service industries, though it still retains some agricultural activity. The commune of Petit Goâve has already produced a president who would later be named King Faustin Soulouque, using the title Faustin the 1st. The city was once nicknamed the "Ti Goâve"; it began rebranding itself as a "Creative Capital" to emphasize its educational resources and arts community.

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Coconut Beach; Petit-Goâve, OU, Haiti

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Petit-Goâve's Grand Street


"Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world; indeed, it's the only thing that ever has."

Pa janm gen dout ke yon ti gwoup nan sitwayen reflechi, pran angajman ka chanje mond lan; tout bon, se sèl bagay ki janm genyen.

-Margaret Mead

HistoryEdit

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Location in Haiti

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Welcome sign


The city celebrated its 350 year landmark anniversary with a three day celebration, beginning on a Friday, throughout which many events showcasing history, Haitian society and culture were put on. A guest of honor to the ceremonies was Haitian-Canadian author, Dany Laferrière, whose honor in the French language, with his election into the French Academy, makes him one of the world's 40 authorities on the language. Since Petit-Goâve is his hometown, Laferrière felt it best to celebrate both events as one with a visit.

Earthquake

Petit-Goâve was seriously damaged in the aftermath of the 2010 earthquake when a strong 5.9 aftershock struck at the epicenter of which Petit-Goâve lay close to. A week later the U.S. Marines arrived in Petit- and Grand-Goâve to bring aid supplies.

GeographyEdit

The city of Petit-Goâve was founded in 1625 and raised to the rank of commune in 1663. Located in the passage of the Route Nationale 2, The Municipality of Petit-Goâve has twelve communal sections. It is coastal, its dominant relief is the hills and its climate varies from hot to cool. Its inhabitants bear the name Petit-Goâvien. The city has a hospital, 3 high schools, 5 volleyball clubs and 3 football (soccer) clubs. In 1998, the population of Petit-Goâve was estimated at 124,855 inhabitants with a density equal to 331 inhabitants / km2. In 2015, the population is estimated at 172,000. At 3 km/2 (1.3 square miles), the urban section has a density equal to 35,990 residents per km/2 (95,235 residents per square mile).

EconomyEdit

At the level of Economic and Financial Infrastructures, the municipality is thinly equipped. There are two hotels, three restaurants and a bank.

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Petit-Goâve

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Ville de Petit-Goâve residential section

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Commune map of Petit-Goave

Neighborhoods

PGV Petit-Goâve 172,965 Localities
VPG Ville de Petit-Goâve Urban 123,805
BIN 1ère Section Bino (Première Plaine) Rural Section 3,168 Baret, Bineau Blanche, Bineau Noire, Carrefour Marose, Crabe, Croix Hilaire, Dambrois, Durèze, Garde l'Acul, Jacot, Marati, Nan Bouzin, Picore, Port-Royal, Ravine Paques, Vialet, Vieux Raque
DLT 2ème Section Delatre (Deuxième Plaine) Rural 3,175 Arnoux, Bazile, Bouguillon, Coma, Fond Douze, Grande Savanne, La Régale, Olivier, Potier, Quiperie, Sapotille, Source, Source Pineau.

(the pond of Miragoâne is there and the pre-Columbian settlement of Arnoux)

TCC 3ème Section Trou Chouchou Rural 1,593 Bacardère d'Lom, Balanier, Bois Chandel, Corail, Malanga, Monery, Nan Plaine, Soubier, Soula, Trou Chouchou.
FAB 4ème Section Fond-Arabie Rural 1,441 (including major historical districts of Lebrun, Poulard, and Hyacinthe)
TCA 5éme Section Trou Canari Rural 520 Aliome, Charrier, Moyette, Nan Troupeau.
TCN 6éme Section Trou Canari Rural 2,058 Blaise, Ca Bordes, Ca Martin, Trou Canari.
PLA 7éme Section des Platons Rural 688 Belair, Nan Perrine, Nan Zetrenne, Savanette, Verdier.
PLT 8ème Section des Platons Rural 3,988 Bellevue, Bistouri, Chavannes, Delatre, Desoureaux, Desravines, Du Ponton, Fond Nicolas, Gabriel, Joublette, Lasource, Lefort, Lissade, Lompré, Nan Palisir, Nan Ramier, Parade, Vialet, Zabot.
PAL 9ème Section des Palmes Rural 1,687 Besace, Fond Palmes, Laferranday, La Rifi, Molière, Nan Coton, Palmes, Platon Basace.
RAM 10ème Section des Palmes Rural 1,042 Fond Gerad, Potier, Quiquitte.
RVS 11ème Section Ravine-Sèche Rural section 2,546 Areau, Briand, Curtis, Depaluce, Doucet, Fond Tristan, Labadie, La Brière, Massia, Petite-Guinée, Platon Renaud, Renaud, Sous Savane, Viala.
FRQ 12éme Section des Fourques Rural section 1,993 Baille, Calumette, Capaca, Cato, Charlemagne, Clairin, Coulon, La Hatte, Pacot, Potier, Provence, Rosinde, Vally.
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Pont Ladigue

InfrastructureEdit

Transportation

New portEdit

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Port of Petit-Goâve

On Wednesday, October 21, 2015, President Martelly inaugurated the port of Petit-Goâve in the presence of both the Director General of Customs (AGD) and the Director General of the National Port Authority (APN). The construction of the port in an area covering 52 square meters took ten months to complete with a State fundings of $2.3 million.

The new port has been renovated with new customs offices and bonded warehouses built in accordance with the ISPS Code (International Code Ship and Port Security). It has the capacity to receive 2,000-ton boats along a long coastline of 1,500 meters. The construction work was a part of the area development work for enhancing competitiveness and overall development of Haiti.

Education

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Faustin Soulouque High School; Petit-Goâve, OU, Haiti

The Ministry of National Education of Youth and Sports is represented in the Municipality of Petit-Goâve by a school inspection office. Six kindergarten, some mostly private primary schools and twelve secondary schools have been inventoried in the commune.

The Ministry of Public Health and Population is represented in the Municipality of Petit-Goâve by a Communal Office. One hospital, six dispensaries, a health center with bed, and seven clinics were registered in the commune with a team of doctors (graduates and trainees), dentists , nurses, auxiliaries, certified matrons and technicians.

Utilities

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Petit Goâve City Hall

The community has six rivers, five springs, two ponds and a lagoon. Five traditional wells and public fountains with nine faucets were also listed. Electricity of Haiti is the institution that ensures the distribution of the current in the city of Petit-Goâve which is the only electrified zone. Thanks to an electric motor, this current is provided for 84 hours a week.

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Petit Goave police station

Security

For Administrative and Judicial Infrastructures, the municipality has a Commissariat, two Courts of Peace, a Civil Court and a Public Prosecutor's Office. There is also a prison.

CultureEdit

Religion

On the side of Religion, nearly 150 temples of all beliefs have been enumerated in the commune. The number of Pentecostal churches is the most numerous, thirty-six in total.

Organizations

Seven political parties have representation in the commune of Petit Goâve. In addition, thirteen Peasant Groups, one Womens' Group, four non-commercial Cooperatives, and two international organizations were counted.

Communication

In terms of communication, the municipality has a telephone office, four radio stations, a newspaper / magazine and a television station.

Leisure

As for Leisure, the commune of Petit-Goâve has a public library and a cinema room. There is no museum, nor theater. Football (soccer), volleyball, basketball and cycling are the sports practiced in the municipality. In addition, there are four nightclubs, and four public places. In terms of Cultural Heritage, the town has two forts and three beaches. Every August 15, the town of Petit-Goâve celebrates its patron saint by receiving a large number of visitors.

TourismEdit

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Bananier Beach; Petit-Goâve, Haiti

Recently Minister of Tourism, Stephanie Balmir Villedrouin, has uncovered natural features of Petit-Goâve that make it a potential tourist destination. She, together with a Ministry of Tourism delegation and Petit-Goâve Mayor, Sandra Jules, went on an exploratory mission. They visited underdeveloped tourist attractions with a view to develop them, to increase tourist spending there.

The government of Haiti has approved funding for three projects in Petit-Goâve along the shoreline, to make the area more desirable to tourists. The projects include renovations of public beaches Mon Repos, Cocoyer, and Banana Cocoyer.

Michael Vedrine

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