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Haiti towns

Like Port-au-Prince, all the other major urban centers are located on the coast, reflecting their origins as ports during the colonial era. The French founded the northern city of Cap-Haïtien, once known as Cap-Français, in 1670. This coastal settlement quickly prospered, and during the 18th century enjoyed a golden period, serving as the port and commercial center for the immensely productive plantations of the Plaine-du-Nord. From the time of the Haitian revolution, however, what was said to be the most attractive city outside France entered into a steady decline. In 1802, Henri Christophe, leader of the revolutionary black army in the north, burned the city down rather than let it fall into the hands of the approaching French forces. Although rebuilt and renamed, first Cap-Henri and then Cap-Haïtien, the city never recaptured its former glory. An earthquake in 1842 and then a hurricane in 1928 inflicted new destruction, and hastened city's demise. Today, though it is still the most important urban center in the north, with a population of about 300,000, Cap-Haïtien is a rather quiet and relaxed town.

Historically, the business activity in the regional centers did operate autonomously. There is a great amount of anecdotal evidence of previous business activity linking the secondary cities with rural areas, to serve domestic and international markets. Cities outsIde of Port-au-Prince were focal points of entrepreneurshIp and local governance, and possessed an entrepreneunal and intellectual population that contained strong cosmopolitan elements. Much of this activity and resource base collapsed or was drawn in to Port-au-Prince as services and policies became centralized, and as the infrastructure outside of Port-au-Prince crumbled. Planning efforts, such as the Transport Master Plan, encouraged thIs centralization. The construction of the flour mIll at Port-au-Prince, and the consequent requirement to purchase flour mIlled in Port-au-Prince, reportedly caused significant damage to the economy of the Les Cayes region.

Other port towns enjoyed something a boom time in the 19th century as those with assets and capital congregated there, and grew rich from the control of agricultural exports. This trade generated great incomes for the new urban elite, and Jérémie prospered from exporting cocoa, Jacmel from coffee, Gonaïves and Saint-Marc from cotton, and Port-de-Paix from logwood. The fortunes of these once bustling and thriving port towns, however, declined in the 20th century as a consequence of the vagaries of international demand for the products they exported. When Francois Duvalier made Port-au-Prince the only official port, they entered an economic and social torpor that exists to this day. Over recent decades, only the regional administrative and Commercial centers of Les Cayes in the south, Gonaïves in the center and Cap-Haïtien in the north have seen any significant growth in population size.


Haiti's top ten largest citiesEdit

Rank City,
Department
Image Population (2015)
1 Port-au-Prince
Ouest
Pap520
987,310
2 Carrefour
Ouest
Car520b
511,345
3 Delmas
Ouest
Del520
395,260
4 Pétion-Ville
Ouest
Pet520
376,834
5 Gonaïves
Artibonite
Gon520c
356,324
6 Cap-Haïtien
Nord
Cap520a
274,404
7 Saint-Marc
Artibonite
Smc520
266,642
8 Cité Soleil
Ouest
Cds520c
265,072
9 Croix-des-Bouquets
Ouest
Cdb520c
249,628
10 Léogâne
Ouest
Leo520
199,813


Haiti's Departmental CapitalsEdit

And their rankEdit

Rank (Largest capital city) Rank (Largest city in Haiti) City,
Department
Image Population (2015)
1st 1 Port-au-Prince
Ouest
Pap520
987,310
2nd 5 Gonaïves
Artibonite
Gon520c
356,324
3rd 6 Cap-Haïtien
Nord
Cap520a
274,404
4th 11 Port-de-Paix
Nord-Ouest
Pdp520
194,045
5th 15 Jacmel
Sud-Est
Jac520
170,289
6th 16 Les Cayes
Sud
LC520
151,696
7th 20 Jérémie
Grand'Anse
Jer520
134,317
8th 23 Hinche
Centre
Hin520
120,867
9th 43 Miragoâne
Nippes
Downtown miragoane
56,864
10th 88 Fort-Liberté
Nord-Est
FL520
31,315


List of cities and towns in HaitiEdit

CommunesDepartmentArrondissementPopulation (2015)Land area (km2)Density (per km²)Urban (center) population (2015)Urban density (per km²)
AbricotsGrand'AnseJérémie37,6751073661,3539,020
Acul-du-NordNordAcul-du-Nord55,90818630010,8532,734
Anse-à-FoleurNord-OuestSaint-Louis-du-Nord30,217624867,05512,598
Anse-à-GaletsOuestLa Gonâve62,55937216849,05020,020
Anse-à-VeauNippesAnse-à-Veau34,6131033354,3013,210
Anse-à-PitresSud-EstBelle-Anse30,146591639,7913,253
Anse-d'HainaultGrand'AnseAnse d'Hainault36,4019438714,03010,094
Anse-RougeArtiboniteGros-Morne43,3954341001,3961,551
AquinSudAquin94,7736391639,1927,790
ArcahaieOuestArcahaie130,30640931924,60020,847
ArnaudNippesAnse-à-Veau20,718312682,879996
ArniquetSudPort-Salut26,536594921,9072,724
BahonNordGrande-Rivière-du-Nord23,251813042,84111,838
Baie-de-HenneNord-OuestMôle Saint-Nicolas17,2772031342,6583,641
BainetSud-EstBainet78,8963012894,0266,824
BaradèresNippesBaradères47,0601552142,1899,950
Bas-LimbéNordLimbé20,899533958,91217,475
Bassin-BleuNord-OuestPort-de-Paix33,2962182957,0023,912
BeaumontGrand'AnseCorail31,5801552036,0173,985
BelladèreCentreLas Cahobas78,76535413,0996,550
Belle-AnseSud-EstBelle-Anse69,0713814,5084,847
BombardopolisNord-OuestMôle Saint-Nicolas32,7641973,4868,892
BonbonGrand'AnseJérémie8,610831,7264,110
BorgneNordBorgne66,9213318,02828,671
Boucan-CarréCentreMirebalais50,9523541,2361,373
CabaretOuestArcahaie62,063202
Camp-PerrinSudLes Cayes40,962134
Cap-HaïtienNordCap-Haïtien274,40454
CapotilleNord-EstOuanaminthe17,62669
CaracolNord-EstTrou-du-Nord7,71475
CarrefourOuestPort-au-Prince511,345165
CariceNord-EstVallières12,38256
CavaillonSudAquin44,276215
Cayes-JacmelSud-EstJacmel36,69379
Cerca-CarvajalCentreHinche21,147156
Cerca-la-SourceCentreCerca-la-Source51,410345
ChambellanGrand'AnseJérémie24,06273
ChansolmeNord-OuestPort-de-Paix27,61153
ChantalSudLes Cayes31,030160
ChardonnièresSudChardonnières22,953117
Cité SoleilOuestPort-au-Prince265,07221
CorailGrand'AnseCorail17,793109
CornillonOuestCroix-des-Bouquets54,254223
CôteauxSudCôteaux19,37274
Côtes-de-FerSud-EstBainet44,595162
Croix-des-BouquetsOuestCroix-des-Bouquets249,628635
Dame-MarieGrand'AnseAnse d'Hainault35,237102
DelmasOuestPort-au-Prince395,26028
DesdunesArtiboniteDessalines33,67299
DessalinesArtiboniteDessalines181,903474
DondonNordSaint-Raphaël31,469120
EnneryArtiboniteGonaïves46,581217
FerrierNord-EstFort-Liberté13,31570
Fond-des-BlancsSudAquin8,00047
Fonds-des-NègresNippesMiragoâne30,38792
Fonds-VerrettesOuestCroix-des-Bouquets45,491276
Fort-LibertéNord-EstFort-Liberté31,315240
GanthierOuestCroix-des-Bouquets62,534496
GonaïvesArtiboniteGonaïves356,324574
Grand-BoucanNippesBaradères5,81545
Grand-GoâveOuestLéogâne136,502243
Grand-GosierSud-EstBelle-Anse15,51384
Grande-Rivière-du-NordNordGrande-Rivière-du-Nord37,614128
Grande-SalineArtiboniteDessalines21,13152
GressierOuestPort-au-Prince33,15292
Gros-MorneArtiboniteGros-Morne23,23652
HincheCentreHinche120,867588
Île-à-VacheSudLes Cayes14,00446
TortugaNord-OuestPort-de-Paix35,3471802,390622
JacmelSud-EstJacmel170,289444
Jean-RabelNord-OuestMôle Saint-Nicolas148,416488
JérémieGrand'AnseJérémie134,317427
KenscoffOuestPort-au-Prince52,232203
Las CahobasCentreLas Cahobas41,716152
L'AsileNippesAnse-à-Veau37,352154
L'EstèreArtiboniteGonaïves41,068176
La ChapelleArtiboniteSaint-Marc28,695144
La PointeNord-OuestPort-de-Paix9,93017
La Vallée-de-JacmelSud-EstJacmel33,12785
La VictoireNordSaint-Raphaël10,54136
LéogâneOuestLéogâne199,813385
Les AnglaisSudChardonnières27,182118
Les CayesSudLes Cayes151,696219
Les IroisGrand'AnseAnse-d'Hainault21,257130
LimbéNordLimbé85,302126
LimonadeNordCap-Haïtien55,145132
MaïssadeCentreHinche53,602288
ManicheSudLes Cayes21,766125
MarigotSud-EstJacmel67,933187
MarmeladeArtiboniteMarmelade34,609219
MilotNordAcul-du-Nord31,992724478,61912,313
MiragoâneNippesMiragoâne56,86418913,55711,892
MirebalaisCentreMirebalais88,899331
Mombin-CrochuNord-EstVallières34,700192
Mont-OrganiséNord-EstOuanaminthe19,07394
Môle Saint-NicolasNord-OuestMôle Saint-Nicolas30,795227
MoronGrand'AnseJérémie28,335183
OuanamintheNord-EstOuanaminthe96,515199
PaillantNippesMiragoâne15,76263
PerchesNord-EstFort-Liberté10,50939
PestelGrand'AnseCorail44,659287
Petite-Rivière-de-NippesNippesMiragoâne25,96694
Petit-Trou-de-NippesNippesAnse-à-Veau27,273153
Pétion-VilleOuestPort-au-Prince376,83494
Petit-GoâveOuestLéogâne172,965388
Petite Rivière de l'ArtiboniteArtiboniteDessalines170,740507
PignonNordSaint-Raphaël43,263140
PilateNordPlaisance54,040121
Plaine-du-NordNordAcul-du-Nord37,51810141011,1453,572
PlaisanceNordPlaisance63,278122
Plaisance-du-SudNippesAnse-à-Veau24,777108
Pointe-à-RaquetteOuestLa Gonâve22,298318
Port-MargotNordBorgne49,879125
Port-à-PimentSudCôteaux17,20760
Port-au-PrinceOuestPort-au-Prince987,31036
Port-de-PaixNord-OuestPort-de-Paix194,045352
Port-SalutSudPort-Salut17,36849
Quartier-MorinNordCap-Haïtien27,35960
RanquitteNordSaint-Raphaël27,70482
Roche-à-BateauxSudCôteaux16,72747
RoseauxGrand'AnseCorail35,756216
Saint-Jean-du-SudSudPort-Salut23,251691,1433,810
Saint-Louis-du-NordNord-OuestSaint-Louis-du-Nord105,80812636,60216,562
Saint-Louis-du-SudSudAquin59,0421863,3255,195
Saint-MarcArtiboniteSaint-Marc266,642557149,65313,374
Saint-Michel-de-l'AtalayeArtiboniteMarmelade150,51161437,00713,312
Saint-RaphaëlNordSaint-Raphaël53,75518617,5509,860
Sainte-SuzanneNord-EstTrou-du-Nord25,4921281,88210,456
Saut-d'EauCentreMirebalais35,5291795,2682,450
SavanetteCentreLas Cahobas32,9201754,8434,286
TabarreOuestPort-au-Prince118,47723108,8774,828
Terre-NeuveArtiboniteGros-Morne28,4211771,58614,418
Terrier-RougeNord-EstTrou-du-Nord27,57717115,24810,165
ThiotteSud-EstBelle-Anse31,7612766,8442,820
ThomassiqueCentreCerca-la-Source57,49626214,0577,558
ThomondeCentreHinche56,27436011,2362,025
ThomazeauOuestCroix-des-Bouquets48,16330017,81113,701
TorbeckSudLes Cayes69,1891892,5823,230
Trou-du-NordNord-EstTrou-du-Nord44,49813126,5429,513
VallièresNord-EstVallières21,4041582,5764,954
VerrettesArtiboniteSaint-Marc131,69332517,03815,776
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