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Boucan-Carre-1 8

Location in Haiti

Boucan-Carré is a town in the Mirebalais Arrondissement, part of Haiti's Central Department. It is part of the Central Plateau region. The population was 56,028 at the 2015 census.

AboutEdit

History

The area now known as Boucan-Carré was settled in the early 18th century. Previously known as "Chambeau," Boucan-Carré was founded in 1948, bearing the name of General Rochambeau. It is considerably younger than many of the surrounding towns, as Boucan-Carré's territory was taken from the previously established city of Mirebalais.

In time, the 11th communal section of Mirebalais became one of the twelve communes of the Central department. Raised to the rank of district in 1946 by Dijon Jean Gilles, native of the area and who was Deputy of Mirebalais, Boucan-Carré was then elevated to the rank of commune in April 1985. It is directed by a Municipal Council of 3 members chaired by the Mayor.

GeographyEdit

According to the IHSI, the commune has a total area of 353.63 square kilometers (136.54 mi2), of which, 349.22 square kilomers (134.84 mi2) of it is rural and 4.41 square kilometers (1.7 mi2) (1.26%) of it is urban.   Boucan Carré is bounded by the municipalities of Maïssade (Upper Central Plateau) to the north, Hinche to the northeast, Thomonde to the east, Lascahobas (Lower Central Plateau), to the southeast, Saut-d'Eau to the southwest, and the Artibonite Department communes of Petite Rivière and La Chapelle to the west.

Boucan-Carré's terrain is a combination of high mountain peaks and steep hollows. The Boucan-Carré River streams through the center of Chambeau, a small town, while agricultural farmlands dot the area.

The municipality of Boucan-Carré is interior, its dominant relief is the plateau and its climate is normal.

Demography

Its inhabitants are called Boucancaréen. the charcoal industry is a chief means of employment for many residents.

For every 100 males, there were 92 females. 25% of the population are minors under 18.

Year Population Change
1998 35,917
2015 56,028 +55%

Neighborhoods

BCA 822 Michael Vedrine

Boucan Carré is split into 3 communal sections.

BCA Boucan-Carré 56,028
VBC Ville de Boucan Carré 1,236
Quartier de Duffailly 2,568
PMO 1ère Section Petite Montagne 9,962
BCC 2ème Section Boucan Carré 20,968
BAY 3ème Section des Bayes 21,294
Climate-graph

Boucan-Carré climograph

Climate

Under the Köppen climate classification Boucan-Carré has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen Aw). Summers are typically rainy, with landslides in the first and third sections and flooding in the second. The least amount of rainfall occurs in January. The average in this month is 17 mm (0.66 in). The month of May, with an average of 295 mm (12 in.), shows the highest amount of rainfall. August is the hottest month of the year. The average temperature is 26.9 ° C. (80.4°F). January is the coldest month, with temperatures averaging 23.2 ° C (73°F).

EconomyEdit

Bc100

In the hills behind Boucan Carré, avocados are transported to the local market by donkey.

At the level of the Economic and Financial Infrastructures, the commune underperforms; there is no restaurant nor bank, only one marketing cooperative. Livestock, agriculture, and trade are the main economic activities of the municipality. Apart from a few small shops, the town has almost no commercial establishments.

Agriculture and Environment

The main activity of the peasants of Boucan Carré is agriculture. Corn, millet, sugar cane, pistachio, tobacco, pigeon peas, and beans (particularly in the Petite-Montagne Section) are grown here. Many food crops such as bananas, sweet potatoes, cassava, yams and malanga are also grown. Some plantations and some fruits are endangered like guava and latanier, for example. Market gardening plants are poorly cultivated although they would develop fairly well in the area, provided there are irrigation facilities and technical assistance from agricultural professionals.

The fact that agriculture is the main activity of the inhabitants explains why the population lives under the poverty line. Because of insufficient, or lack thereof, technical supervision, training, irrigation or other means of land-related problems, agriculture has become an unprofitable business. Zanmi Lasante operates an agricultural program at Boucan Carré headed by the Ing-Agrologist Larose, originating from the area with a team of agricultural technicians trained by him in the program. This program being linked to the nutritional program of the institution cares for families with malnourished children and does not yet cover the entire population of the whole commune.

The municipality of Boucan Carré is in dire need of an Agricultural Bank where the population could buy affordable tools and seed. A program of technical supervision and training would strengthen the capacity of these brave and courageous peasants. 

The farmers of Boucan Carré also breed big and small livestock, although environmental problems greatly affect this activity.   Domond, Péligre, and the other localities bordered by the Artibonite River are areas that are very favorable to aquaculture and agriculture (irrigation).

A program of environmental protection and disaster risk reduction is necessary for the municipality. Most of the mountains are completely devoid of trees. Further, some residents using wooden charcoal as fuel contribute to the destruction of forests. The mountains are therefore deforested and eroded.

Trade

In addition to agriculture, trade is the second activity enabling the working-class community of Boucan-Carré to survive. The main commercial activities are the sale of food and other necessities and the sale of livestock and commodities. To see the situation of people and to hear their cries, trade can not make their lives easier. Apart from Fonkoze's credit program, which runs the Ti machann (Small Merchants), shopkeepers lack supervision and are left to their own devices.

People would need to have access to more credit services and also need to be trained. Members of the commune hope to set up training programs in Financial Literacy and in setting up and managing small businesses.

For people interested in investing in the area, Boucan Carré remains a virgin zone from a commercial point of view. In the whole commune, there are no stores, not even a big shop. 

The absence of roads in certain areas and the impassability of existing roads are also causes of the deterioration of trade in the commune, we can not think of trade without transport. Every year, tons of mangoes are rotten under the mango trees while the farmers could arrange to sell them in Port-au-Prince or elsewhere if they had means of transport and it is the same for some of their other productions, especially sweet potato.

Apart from the construction of roads, the construction of public markets, the availability of credit services, the construction of a modern market and a bus station at "Dlo Gaye", - a small market at the river's edge Artibonite between Domond and Péligre- would constitute projects that would raise the economic level of the zone. 

Hotel

There are no hotels in Boucan-Carré. However, the locals always arrange to welcome friends and visitors. The Boucanais has a sense of hospitality. However, when it is necessary that visitors are accommodated in a hotel, it is possible to book one or more hotel rooms in Mirebalais; the best known are the Wozo Plaza Hotel located on the Route Nationale 3 after leaving the City of Mirebalais and the Mirage Club Hotel located in Mirebalais Downtown near the public square at the intersection of Rue Louverture and the road connecting Mirebalais and the Department of Artibonite.

InfrastructureEdit

BC town hall

Boucan-Carré Town Hall

Many non-government organizations have come forward to help strengthen Boucan-Carré's infrastructure. Since the early 2000's, U.S.-based NGOs, Haiti Outreach Program, Give Haiti Hope, and Partners in Health, have supported infrastructure development and maintenance. One of its projects, a full-service medical facility, has evolved from a local community clinic.

The United Nations has performed significant road-repair work leading from Port-au-Prince Airport into Chambeau. Upgraded roads have reduced travel time by 50% between Port-au-Prince and Chambeau, from four and a half hours to two.

While Boucan-Carré has experienced steady improvements to its infrastructure over the past decade, the 2010 earthquake delivered a knock-out punch. Thousands of earthquake survivors rushed home to extended family in Boucan-Carré. The influx of people has created a substantial burden on the city's resources and inhabitants. Uncontaminated water is scarce, and the Haitian gourde's decrease in value has made goods and services prohibitively expensive.

Transportation

The roads of the municipality of Boucan-Carré are in very bad condition. The one connecting the Bayes Section to the Downtown (Domond-Chambeau) is worthy of major development work and parts of the road are impassable during the rainy seasons. Thanks to Digicel, MINUSTAH, Zanmi Lasante and MTPTC, a bridge was built on the Fond d'Enfer River, which solved in half the problems that the population knew how to confront during the rainy seasons. The section connecting the Center-Ville to Fèyobyen (Haut-Boucan Carré) is in very bad condition and we must cross the Boucan Carré river on several levels; The section linking the city center to Bas Boucan Carré (Chambeau-Pouillé) is totally impassable, particularly at the Mont-Bayard level.

In terms of road infrastructure, two major projects are to be considered:

• The construction of a road leading to the Artibonite (Petite Rivière de l'Artibonite for example, to unlock the commune and open it to interdepartmental commerce) 

• Construction of a road linking Fèyobyen to Petite Montagne via Sivol, which would greatly improve the living conditions of the population of the first section.

From the city to the communal sections, the roads are clay. Rue Grand Chemin connects the city to the second communal section. Route Communale 300-B connects the city to the third communal section and provides access to Route Nationale 3. The roads that connect the communal sections together are paths.

A part of the draw of Boucan-Carré, and one that has been publicized in recent years, is its "ideal" location about halfway between the cities of Mirebalais (Upper Central Plateau) and Hinche (Lower Central Plateau). Travel is facilitated with the newly rebuilt Route Nationale 3. Boucan-Carré is considered part of the Boucle Centre-Artibonite, which also consists of the towns of Hinche and Mirebalais.

Education

BC school children

Boucan-Carré school children

Education that should be free at the primary level and accessible to all remains a luxury in Boucan-Carré. For the 3 communal sections of Boucan-Carré, there exist about forty primary schools. According to the Department of Demographic and Social Statistics of 2009, the minor population (under 18 years) is estimated at about 24,250 inhabitants. Taking into account the reduced number of primary schools and their low capacity, we can estimate that more than half of the children in Boucan-Carré are not yet in school.

It is unfortunate that many disadvantaged and needy children are not targeted by the Education for All program of the President of the Republic and this program only concerns children under 12, while in the more remote areas, there are children who have reached the age of 12 and have never been to school. Speaking of education at Boucan Carré, we can not fail to highlight the quality of education received by children who are already in school. Less than 5% of the existing schools in Boucan Carré manage to deliver quality education. Among the major causes of this quality problem, one can consider the lack of structure (Some schools operate under straw tents or houses in poor condition) and the underqualification or non-qualification of teachers.

For the entire population of Boucan Carré, there is only one High School located in the City Center (Hatte State) with the capacity to accommodate about 300 students. The majority of teachers are not paid by the government. Thanks to the support of Zanmi Lasante, teachers were paid for 10 months during the 2010-2011 financial year. Teachers worked there for more than 4 years without receiving even a fee. We are currently looking for funds to pay teachers since Zanmi Lasante will not be able to pay them for us all year long. 

There are approximately 6 secondary schools in the commune: 2 in downtown, 2 in Dufailly and 2 in Cange. 

There are 3 national schools: one in the city center, one in Dufailly and one in Domond-Péligre. Primary schools are much more numerous, but not enough, however, and the quality of education delivered by the majority of schools in Boucan Carré leaves something to be desired.

There are still many children to go to school and the capacity of existing schools is in dire need of strengthening. 

The Boucan Carré and Petite Montagne sections each require two National Schools (at least). That of Boucan Carré needs at least a high school to relieve parents and children who have to go to either Center-Ville every day or Mirebalais to know all the miseries (for many of them).


Health

The Ministry of Public Health and Population is not represented at Boucan Carré. The commune has two health centers with beds (private), a public dispensary and a private clinic. Seven doctors, five nurses, seven auxiliaries, ten matrons, three laboratory technicians and 24 other technicians train the staff of the health establishments of the commune.

For more than 25 years, Zanmi Lasante has been working in the health field at Boucan Carré and has made a major contribution to improving the living conditions of the population. In Cange, a village located in the Bayes Section, is the Bon Sauveur Hospital, which has four basic services, an ophthalmic clinic, a dental clinic and so on. In collaboration with the Ministry of Public Health, Zanmi Lasante offers health services to the population of Boucan Carré through the Saint Michel Health Center located in downtown Boucan Carré (Hatte L'Etat). The following services are offered: Consultation, Hospitalization, Manternity, Nutritional Health, Infectious Diseases. The center has a laboratory, a radiology and a pharmacy. Cases requiring the intervention of a specialist are referred to Cange or Port-au-Prince. Despite all the efforts of Zanmi Lasante, there is still much to be done to improve the living conditions of the population in terms of health. Some people have to walk for more than 6 hours to reach the Saint Michel Health Center, especially the inhabitants of the First Petite Montagne Section. Apart from the health center St Esprit de Dufailly (Bayes Section), there is no health structure in the other communal sections. The St Esprit Health Center of Dufailly was founded by the Jérémie family especially Monsieur and Madame Dieuveuil Jérémie, a family that marks so deeply and the history of the development of Boucan Carré, in particular, the district of Dufailly.

Pouillé, a very important locality of Bas-Boucan Carré, has a health center which is currently dysfunctional. Whereas the Boucan Carré Section deserves to have at least two health centers or dispensaries: one at the top and the other at the lower Boucan Carré.

Friends of Knoxville, supporting the parish of Saint Michel de Boucan Carré have the plan to build a clinic in Bouli (Center of the First Section), a project that will, without a doubt, facilitate access to basic health care services. this section. 

Utilities

For Water, the town of Boucan Carré has four rivers, public fountains and seven springs, two of which are collected and distributed. It should also be noted that Lake Peligre passes through the third communal section of the Bayes, one of the three communal sections of the town of Boucan-Carré. The town of Boucan Carré and three of the houses (Dufally, Domond, Péligre) of the third communal section of the Bayes are electrified.

Electricity

We mentioned above that the hydroelécrtique barrage of Péligre is on the territory of the Municipality of Boucan Carré in the third Bayes Section. The localities of Cange, Péligre, Domond and Dufailly are electrified. The Center of the Commune had to wait about 60 years to see electrified under the Bellerive-Préval government at the beginning of 2011. 

LivelihoodEdit

Shopping

On Fridays, throngs of people pour into Chambeau for the town's market day. At first, the market drew practically no vehicular traffic to its event, but since then motorcycles and all-terrain vehicles overflow it.

Fish farming

BC Fish farm

Fish farm in Boucan-Carré

In the town of Boucan-Carré, fish farming is a new way in Haiti. Haiti is a country so plentiful with water but it offers so little income to fisherman. Fish farming like this one in Boucan-Carré is expected to boost income to the fishermen in the region.

CultureEdit

Religion

Nearly 49 churches (chapels and temples included) have been inventoried in the commune.

Boucan Carré is a very religious community. Like all regions of the country, the Christian religion (Catholicism and Protestantism) and Vodun are practiced. The municipality of Boucan-Carré is divided into two parishes: Saint-Michel parish of Boucan-Carré covering the 1st and 2nd Section and the parish of Saint-Francis of Assisi Dufailly (Bayes Section). These two parishes are subdivided into ten chapels.

The parish of Boucan-Carré celebrates its patron saint every September 29 (Saint Michael the Archangel) and Dufailly every October 4 (Saint Francis of Assisi).

The Protestant Church is also very present especially the first Baptist Church under the direction of the Baptist Church of Mirebalais and many other Protestant sects. It should also be noted the presence of the Adventist Church and the Episcopal Church in the commune of Boucan Carré.

Vodun, cultural religion of Haiti, is also very practiced. Even some believers in Catholic and Protestant churches consult a hougan for problems related to superstition, health problems (vodun priests are known as healers in Haiti). Speaking of vodun, one can not but mention the bands of rara during the Easter period.

Communication

Boucan Carré is connected to the rest of the world thanks to the antennas of Digicel, Voilà and NATCOM installed in the area.The area is in dire need of a radio station; there are none at the moment. Meanwhile, radio could play a very important role in education, information, and public awareness, as well as in the cultural development of youth. 

The municipality at the time of the inventory had no telephone or postal office. In addition, there is no newspaper / magazine, or television station.

Leisure

Boucan-Carré with its rivers, its landscape, and its mountains had long attracted visitors, tourists and different personalities. For example, Boucan-Carré was the city of General Rochambeau; traces of the Fort of Rochambeau can be found with its waterfalls in the First Section of Petite-Montagne. The center of the commune still bears his name (Chambeau), there is also a locality named " Nan Chambeau".

Professor Pierre Grand Dufailly reports that it is on a large tree (a mango) behind the house of his grandfather Charlemagne Peralte knew refuge in the time of the occupation American (The mango tree is still bearing the name "plant stash" of Charlemagne Péralte to Dufailly is best known as the Manman Pemba).

Boucan-Carré is also a favorable location for jogging and mountain climbing (with its high peaks). Fans of swimming will also find beautiful rivers and particularly, the longest river in the country whose source is Cibao in the Dominican Republic: The Artibonite. A town in the area of great importance and has a tourism potential is Péligre. We must note that the hydroélécrtique Péligre dam is located on the territory of the Boucan Town Square in the third section of Bayes.

Péligre Lake is an artificial lake created in 1956-1957 as a result of the construction of the hydroelectric dam on the Artibonite River. This hydroelectric dam was built by the Corps of the US Army engineers and funded by the bank import-export of US Eximbank (Wikipedia).

Lake Péligre remains still untapped tourist site. The view of the lake is lovely and pleasant. It is a place where you can practice canoeing or waterskiing tourism. At the edge of the lake also Péligre, tourism entrepreneurs can find an ideal site for small hotels or holiday villages. This will help create jobs and strengthen the capacity of the town on many levels.

At Chambeau (the City Center), behind the Presbytery of the area, young people able to create a site of cultural activities, a beach in their own way: Mapou-Beach.

Youth Boucan Carré commune are very talented, they are framed, they can float very high the flag of the area as poets, storytellers, musicians, singers compass, rap Kreyol etc. The picture shows the Town culturally is yet dark. The inspiration is in them and with them, but what is lacking is the technical supervision. It is sad that Boucan Carré, no recreation center, library, cyber cafe, musical groups. The area is also devoid of a modern public square and football (soccer) fields.

Youth love music. There are young talents for the compass and some young people have organized to establish a group of Rap Kreyòl (Hip Hop) that we plan to support.

It's really sad to hear young people say that here, we feel abandoned, we do nothing, we do not feel in a country, we are not in the world. This is what motivates us every day in our coaching and support youth efforts. We have the grave duty to work towards the existence of means and structures that can help us better support for their personal development, for they are much more likely to participate in the development of their country and also prevent juvenile delinquency, early and heavy loss of human resources. Boucan Carré has become the Cultural Boucan, yes, the Square of Culture

The town of Boucan Carré has no library, museum, theater or cinema. The only sport practiced is football (soccer). In terms of Cultural Patromoines, the commune has a fort. Many Hougans and Mambos were also found in the commune.

Organizations

In the field of politics and other organizations, the municipality has no political parties. On the other hand, it has three grassroots organizations, six peasant groups and two women's groups.

Further readingEdit

Strock-bridge

Boucan-Carré's new bridge

A bridge has been constructed over the Fonds D'Enfer River (riv. Fonlanfè) to provide access to the rest of the region.

To reach a public health clinic, residents of the Haitian Central Plateau often must cross the river . During the rainy season, the river transforms to its Kreyol name, “The Deep Hell,” preventing access to medical care, education, and markets. (Photo by Chris Stock)

Building bridges in Haiti — before and after the earthquake, By Susan Trulove: https://www.research.vt.edu/resmag/2010summer/haiti.html

The main activity in Boucan-Carré is the official market day on Fridays. Merchants from neighboring towns spend the day there.

Boucan carre Map

Commune map of Boucan Carré

Neighborhoods

BCA Boucan-Carré 56,028
VBC Ville de Boucan Carré Urban 1,236
Quartier de Duffailly Urban 2,568
PMO 1ère Section Petite-Montagne Rural 9,962 Belle Epée, Bouli, Ca Dafirme, Caille Jour, Dual, Eau Confrée, Fond d'enfer, Fond-la Borde, Fond-la Porte, Grand-Ravine, Gros-Cabrit, Grosse-Source, Jacot, Léyan, Nan Chambeau, Nan Chipain, Pengol, Pivereau, Saint-Louis, Ti Montagne, Tourmain, Zaboca.
BCC 2ème Section Boucan Carré Rural section 20,968 Au Pig, Bajaux, Beau Père, Belbède, Bellevue, Benaco, Blanc, Bodian, Boucan Carré, Ca Choutte, Carrefour Gros Zerbe, Chambal, Corail, Cornel-Noël, Corvelle, Covette, Derma, Duchemin, Dupont, Durocher, Féquière, Fond-Sable, Fontaine, Gordey, Gros Charles, Gros-Mapou, Guillaume, Latie-du-Seau, Mainville, Mislet, Montasse, Nicolas, Pages, Pépin, Pierre-Louis, Pont Mme. Louis-Gapi, Pourrier, Sivol.
BAY 3ème Section des Bayes Rural section, qtr 21,294 Balandrin, Bosiaux, Boucan-Kola, Bourgougnon, Brouillard, Ca Ibe, Campèche Félix, Débaye, Denizard, Deux Lagon, Domond, Domonique, Dos Pilon, Dufally, Eau Gaillée, Edouard, Fond-d'Enfer, Glorié, Grande-Savane, Gros-Morne, Gumérin, Haut-Baille, Jasmin, Lacheteaux, Le Franc, Mahotière, Manoir, Mont-Bayard, Moreau, Nan Mango, Nan Melton, Orange-Sure, Parc-Cabrit, Péligre, Piton, Rodeau, Saint-Martin, Salmaitre, Savane-la-Garde, Soubier, Ti Toussaint, Ti Jeudi, Viette.

ReferencesEdit

Climat Boucan-Carré - [1]

Presentation Boucan-Carré - [2]

Michael Vedrine

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