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Bonnet à l'Evêque (English: "Bishop's Hat") is a communal section in the Northern Department. Of Haiti. It is the second communal section of Milot.


Citadelle

History[]

The Bonnet à l'Evêque Mountain range, dependent on the Cibao, is where the the king Christophe chose to build the citadel La Ferrière, today in ruins. The river Vasé has its source on this mountain. The mountain takes its name from the resemblance of its summit with a tiara. The sailors distinguish it from dormouse. Upon entering the harbor of Cap-Haïtien, it is seen to the south. The upper point is composed of limestone, although there is only scattered granite. At the bottom are granitic rocks.

• In April 1792, Biassou gathered 500 at La Tannerie, a neighborhood located near Milot and threatened the Cape. In January 1793, Governor Laveaux marched against him from the Cape. This position was well fortified and reputed to be inexpert, surrounded by a large and deep pit; and armed with 14 guns. This redoubt had been erected by the white engineer prisoners of the slaves, in the place where Mr. de Belzunce, former governor of the colony, had made put together four pieces of field. Laveaux chased the insurgents of Milot and pursued them to the foot of the Fort de la Tannerie where they shut themselves up. They could not breach this redoubt, having only 6 field pieces, but, taking advantage of the ardor of the soldiers, he ordered the line troops to assault. They obeyed with enthusiasm, and were driven back with loss, crushed under the grapeshot of the 14 pieces of the fortification.
Biassou, supporting the courage of his people, displayed the rarest daring, and exposed himself on the ramparts to the greatest dangers. The volunteers of the Cape, under the orders of Dessources, attacked in their turn, and marched with pride without firing a single shot, in the middle of the grape-shot which struck them. The rest of the army, astonished at so much courage, uttered cries of admiration and enthusiasm. The volunteers reached the top of a small hill overlooking La Tannerie. Seeing themselves supported by the column commanded by Després, they rushed to the entrenchments, reached the bases, then the embrasures of the fort, despite the fiercest fire of the insurgents. At the same time, line troops arrived, the body of freed men, who climbed the walls. The cavalry set off to cut off the enemy's retreat. Biassou, disconcerted by his insistence, fled, and the whites displayed the tricolor on the ramparts. It was January 18th. The whites were unable to struggle for agility through the woods with the blacks, the latter having time to gain the heights of Grande-Riviere and Dondon. During the attack on La Tannerie, Jean-Francois, the emulator of Biassou, made no attempt to help the latter, whom he wanted to see perish.

During the Galbaud affair in the Cape, Jn. Francois attacked Fort de la Tannerie, which he seized after a slight fight. In 1803 General Romain occupied with the natives the hills Pele and Lecurieux near the Cape. General Clausel left this city to go and dislodge it, and ordered Cagnet and Jacques Tellier to seize the Tannerie to cut off the retreat to the natives on July 24.

On March 15, 1878, General Montpoint Jeune, commanding the district of Cap-Haïtien, standing at la Tannerie, declared General Jascine outlawed, and authorized a citizen check to run on him. This Jascine had rebelled against the authorities, and had erected ramparts at the Carrefour Jean Bernard. He acted in concert with Gélus Bien-aime. The cries of sedition were: "Down with the Constitution of 1867"; "Down with President Boisrond Canal", and "Long live the paper money".

S. E. D. Pierre de Sonthonax was Count of La Tannerie, under the Empire in 1849.

Locations[]

BOV
Begot, Cabaret, Choiseul, Damas, Dubreuil, Janvier, Laffite, La Salle.

Located at the foot of the Citadel Henry is the Ravine Grand-Boucan, where legend has it that Christophe had precipitated those of his subjects who deserved his anger.

Neighboring sections
North RN3 Michael Vedrine 610.png

1re Perches du Bonnet

Northeast RN3 Michael Vedrine 610.png 601 Michael Vedrine 112018 svg.jpg
2e Morne Pelé, QMO
West

3e Grand Boucan, PDN

2e Bonnet à l'Evêque
  Milot
East

1re Grand-Gilles, GRN

South

1re Brostage, DON

Section map of Bonnet à l'Evêque

(The ) La Ferrier is a formidable citadel built in 1804 by Christophe according to the plans of a genius officer, a man of color, named Henri Barre, in the commune of Milot, in the hills of Bonnet à l'Evêque, at 490 meters (1,500 feet) of altitude. The king of the North burned his brains in his Sans-souci palace at Milot on Sunday, October 8, 1820, when he learned that power was escaping him. His son and some officers who had persecuted his barbarous orders were the only victims of their boldness. Madame Christophe and her young ladies were at La Ferriere; they came to Port-au-Prince, where President Boyer showered them with attention. They remained in this city until the 1st of August, 1821, and left it for London. Mme. Christophe had left her power of attorney to General Magny, commandant of the Cape Borough, to manage his property. At the foot of the citadel la Ferriere, at Milot, are the ruins of the splendid palace of Sans-Souci, residence of the king. The citadel itself fell into ruin. A thunderbolt had split the men in several places on the May 25, 1817, by sending the fire to one of the magazines; but the breach was repaired. Prince Noël, brother of the queen, and prince of Port-au-Prince found there their tomb.

In 1805, during the insurrection of Salnave in Cap-Haitien, the government sent down some guns from La Ferriere, the largest piece, called Man Pimba, rolled into the cliff where it remained, and the governments of presidents Boisrond-Canal and Salomon The bronze cannons were sold on the condition that the buyers went to take them in. No buyers were found, under the king there were 365 as many as there were days in the year, and from Cape-haitien you can see this fortress. It seems to defy the clouds that so often hide it from view.An immense equipment of artillery formed the defense of this citadel which Christophe had made the boulevard of Independence against the foreign invasion. as well as barracks for the troops, capable of holding 10.000 men, with his treasures, archives and other precious objects, arms and ammunition buried there by his family. hama he used to transport his corpse since Sans-Souci served him as a shroud. The water that was drunk from the tanks was very fresh. Its construction cost the lives of thousands of men and women who worked there. His dungeons saw many prisoners die. The ruins of Ferriere are grandiose. It is truly a marvel that surprises the visitor, whose eye can not see the fact, and where everyone comes, write his name on the walls. From the fate we contemplate the palace of Sans Souci, the Cape, forts, savannahs, of which the Guayubin, the Grande Riviere, the Massacre, and the river of the Upper Cape line the dark greenery; hamlets, Limbé, l'AcuI-du-Nord, Dondon, Quartier Morin, Limonade, Grande-Riviere, Sainte-Suzanne, Terrier-Rouge, Fort-Liberte, Ouanaminthe, and, in the Dominican Republic, San Francisco de Monte Plata, Puerto Plata, and finally the sea.

During the construction of this Cyclopean citadel, on a cold night, the workers had stretched themselves around a big fire lit in a sheltering place of the construction site. The king surprised them asleep. Irascible by temperament, and accustomed to see his subjects trembling at his approach, he became furious. Out of him, he brandished his "coco-macaque" over their tens, and struck them with redouble blows. ordering to get to work. Arrived at one of the general charges to conduct the work, Veteran of the War of Independence, the same one who was to sit on the armchair on May 3, 1844, Henry raised his arm while overwhelming him with insults. The latter, carrying his hand to the sword of his sword: "Sire," he said, "we fought together to conquer liberty, and now that strikes Guerrier is dead." - "Hell, scoundrel!" replied the despot simply. The name of Henry, which also carries the citadel, comes to him from King Henry (Christophe).


Michael Vedrine is amazing

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