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Bainet (Kreyol: Benè) is an commune in the Bainet Arrondissement, Sud-Est, Haiti department of Haiti. It has nearly 90,000 inhabitants.

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Bainet, SE, Haiti

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Location in Haiti


AboutEdit

A clear bay (Un baie nette), that is to say without any reef inspired the name of the commune of "Bainnet" (Priest Parisot, 1997). Bainet is a coastal town located on the south-eastern portion of the Tiburon Peninsula. It is also the chief city of Bainet Arrondissement under Sud-Est Department, numbering 140,000 residents, most of whom inhabit the mountains. With 300 years of age, the municipality of Bainet is one of the oldest municipalities in the country. Its inhabitants are called Bainetiens.

After that of Jacmel, Bainet is the commune with the largest number of communal sections of the South-East.

HistoryEdit

The first settlements of the commune of Bainet date back to the time of the Santo Domingo Company, which had it in its territory. Its soil is hilly and intersected by deep revines.

• In 1794 Bainet's freedmen were so powerful that the whites who inhabited him had never dared to send deputies to the Cape Colonial Assembly.

• Polvereal made imprison Faubert, commander of bainet, for having defended to the slaves, become free by the act of general emancipation, in 1793, to leave the limits of its command. - At the siege of jacmel by Toussaint-Louverture, in November 1799, the garrison of bainet under the orders of Geoffroi, white colonist, assaulted on all sides by the insurgents of Lafortune, Conflant, and Gilles Bambara, evacuated the village and returned to jacmel. A few days later, bainet was reoccupied by Borgella, a young officer of Riguad's army.

• After the evacuation of jacmel, April 22nd, 1800, Dessalines, guided by the commander Conflant, was engrossed in the gorges of the mountains, ready to seize Bainet before reaching the south. At the head of a numerous army, he crossed the Great Hill, and left on his left the Larivoire post which the enemy harbored. After having reached the foot of the mountain of Grand-Goave, he climbed the hill again, turned Larivoire, and encamped on the Grand Chemin Bainet.

• On the night of April 22nd to the 23rd, the Riguadins evacuated Camp Larivoire; Not being able to go to the Bainet whose surroundings were flooded with masses of Dessalines, they retreated to Grand-Goâve by the Great Hill. All the redoubts which covered the town of Bainet having been removed, Dessalines marched on this place April 24 at the head of 12,000 men. In Bainet there were only 150 men from the 3rd regiment of the south; This garrison, too weak to support a siege, evacuated the town after having burnt it, and overtook the 10th North, composed of 2,000 men, who had tried to block its passage. The next day, the 10th took possession of the place which was only a heap of ruins. The Riguadins had taken the route of the Cotes de Fer.

• Dessalines and Laplume went after them with 4,000 men; about a league from Bainet, they met the battalion of the 3rd of the South, entrenched in the high road. The Riguadins charged with the baionette; they saw Toussaint-Louverture's army take flight, leaving 200 men on the battlefield. The Riguadins resumed their position in their retrenchment. Dessalines marched against them again with 8,000 men. In front of the number, they retreated to rally a league from the battlefield. Dessalines entered Bainet to let his troops relax a little. From there, they left on April 28 and went to Grand-Goâve where the advanced stations of the Riguadins were established.

• In December 1802, Colonel Gilbon commanded the insurgents of the Bainet Heights against the French.

• The Villard and Montra coffee habitations in this town were put on sale by the law of March 10, 1814 to raise the culture and increase the number of owners.


• In 1824, President Boyer sent a large number of black American farmer immigrants to Bainet.

GeographyEdit

The bay of Bainet, wide and deep, is situated between the Cape of Bainet to the southwest and the Morne de la Croix to the east; it faces south. It has 3,000 meters (9,842 ft) of opening at a depth of 1,860 feet (6,102 ft), without any reef on a side which is filled. That's where the name "Baie Nette" comes from.

Numerous springs water the habitations of the interior and the mountains, and the rivers of Bainet, de la Croix, de l'Azur, and Corail give them a great fertility. The very rough soil contains steatite, ochres and tufa, good chalk on both sides of the river, caves and curious caverns.

The law of April 25, 1817, and that of November 20, 1821, fix the legal distance from this commune to the capital at 25 leagues.

IThe city and three of its communal sections are bathed by the sea. The relief of the town is dominated by the hills and the climate is considered normal since only two communal sections are recognized as fresh. The town of Bainnet includes a single extension area known as "Kanpanyol". With an area estimated at a quarter of a square mile (0.59 km2), the density Bainet town center is equal to 17,504 inhabitants per square mile (6,284 persons per square kilometer).

The Great River of Bainet or the Moreau River, which sometimes dries up, has for main affluents: the rivers of Îlet (with 7km of its mouth), of massacre, of Boucan-Belier, of des Orangers (with 5 km of its mouth), Petit-Bras and Pimentère. It comes from the heights of Petit-Goâve, a lagoon called the Étang Durissy, meets near Bainet with another lagoon named Lagon, and separates a short distance to jump into the bay south of Bainet. The lagoon is formed of underground springs that pierce a small distance from the village; these springs are fed by the waters that come from the heights of the rural section of Gandou, passing underground. The waters of the Lagoon are laden with an immense quantity of kelp, in which all sorts of freshwater fish live in great numbers.

DemographyEdit

Year Population Change
1890 12,000
1998 78,537 96% rural
2009 78,896 +0.4%
2015 86,755 +10%


Neighborhoods

BAI Bainet
VBN Ville de Bainet
BSL 1ère Section Brésilienne
TMA 2ème Section Trou-Mahot
HGD 4ème Section Haut-Grandou
BGD 5ème Section Bas de Grandou
BCX 6ème Section Bas de La Croix
BGH 7ème Section Bras Gauche
ORG 8ème Section Orangers
BGG 9ème Section Bas des Gris-Gris

EconomyEdit

Like many cities in the country, Bainet also faces unemployment. After public services, Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) are the largest providers of jobs. However, unemployment, which is in full swing, has not led to crime, begging and subversive elements. This sensitivity denounces the various problems Bainet remains among the communes most affected from the social and economic point of view as well as the environment.

In terms of economic and financial infrastructure, the municipality is not well equipped. In terms of economic activities, agriculture and trade come first. Apart from a few warehouses, shops and food stores that are in town, the town is devoid of commercial establishments. A phamarcie, a hairdressing salon and a photo studio constitute the economic establishments of the municipality.

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Fertile highlands of Bainet

Bainet produces coffee, campeche, cotton, various types of wood, bees, wild guinea fowl, excellent tobacco, and abundance of food. Straw hats and clay pipes are made there.

This is a strong coffee-growing area, yielding premium coffees unlike any other in the Caribbean. Farmers grow crops in rich mineral soil, with a vast selection of fruits produced, among them peach, cherry, coconut, mangoes, guava, apricot, and avocado.

LifestyleEdit

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Young Haitian women in Bainet

The people of Bainet, big-hearted and friendly, travel by horses, mules, or on foot. Because the village is not on a power grid, the community uses kerosene lamps at night. With no TV or radio available, families often gather together and regale one another with stories. They hand down folklore from grandparents to parents, children, grandchildren, and even great-grandchildren in some instances.

EnvironmentEdit

Two assets that define Bainet are purified water from fresh-running springs, and a lack of deforestation happening in the region. The beaches of the village have also never been touched by development projects, or hordes of tourists sunning there.

InfrastructureEdit

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Town of Bainet, SE, Haiti

The infrastructure of the village is strong. Christian ministries and Bainet expatriates have made donations to aid in school-building projects, healthcare facilities, and some road construction. Several more projects are in the pipeline to make the village more modern.

The Bainet peace court falls within the jurisdiction of Jacmel; schools, of the school district of jacmel; the officials are paid by the financial administration of Jacmel.

The garrison of the commune consists of a gendarmerie company, an administrative police, a line artillery of Jacmel, the rural police and the National Guard on foot and horseback.

TransportationEdit

The roads leading to Bainet are time consuming and risky. The road Bainet Port-au-Prince via Saint-Etienne is almost impassable and that Bainet via The Valley of Jacmel is more or less accessible apart from the ordeal that represents the section Bainet Blauckauss complain the inhabitants. According to them, it is a challenge since the 50s that city authorities, especially elected officials, never manage to meet. They add to say that this challenge is also valid for the construction of the bridge over the Ti Pen River that so many candidates during their campaign period have always promised.

The majority of the city's streets are not concreted while the gutters are highly visible for over a year.

EducationEdit

In the field of education, the Ministry of National Education of Youth and Sports has been represented in the commune for more than 50 years. If the quality of education has dropped, the number of Public and private school institutions have, however, continued to grow. Four people currently train the staff of the office with an inspector as responsible. One Kindergarten, 123 schools (pre-school included) mostly private primary schools, seven secondary schools and three technical and vocational schools were inventoried in Bainet. The high school, Lycée Julien Raymond, was founded in 1992 and has operated for several years double-shift, thanks to the steps of elected officials of the city. At the higher level, unfortunately, there is no institution of vocational or university school.

HealthEdit

With regard to health, the representation of the Ministry in the commune is over 50 years old. A public health center, Health Center with Bed (CAL), built around 1959 and rehabilitated in 1997, continues to serve the city despite its limitations. There are seven health service establishments in the area with a minimum of fifteen technicians, 60% of whom are auxiliaries. The most serious cases are referred to Jacmel, capital of the South East Department.

UtilitiesEdit

For water, the town of Bainet is well equipped. Four rivers and more than 160 sources have been inventoried. On the subject of electricity, the Bainetiens show their satisfaction with the efforts made by the people in charge, Haiti's State Electricity (EDH), in this area in terms of responsibility and service.

CultureEdit

A three-hundred-year-old town, with its coffee-colored inhabitants renowned for their beauty, Bainet is a very clean town, known for its pebble beach where the sea roars like a perpetual avalanche, its beautiful church with red and cream columns and the white ceiling dedicated to Saint-Pierre. The parish Saint-Pierre de Bainet was founded on June 29, 1851, and since then, the Saint-Pierre church and the Bainetian community have become very sensitive to socio-cultural activities.

ReligionEdit

In the field of religion, many sects have been counted in the commune. The number of churches, temples or chapels is more significant for the "Assembly of God" (65) and "Church of God" (55).

The Orient Lodge of Bainet is entitled: The Triumph of Perseverance No.43, pertaining to the Grand Orient of Haiti.


CommunicationEdit

If the telephone companies are present in Bainet, only the company Digicel manages to cover the entire district, says a manager. As for the Teleco, its traces have not been seen since 2003.

The postal service exists only for the urban area. The post arrives from Jacmel on Tuesday by a courier on foot, and leaves immediately for the same destination.

Moreover, in the field of the press, the city of Bainet has about 3 radio stations, no television station, and a newspaper BIC (Bainet Culture Info) directed by Pierre Tony Jean Jacques. There is only one magazine (Developman ak Demokrasi) for monthly publication.

Leisure and RecreationEdit

There is no hotel in Bainet and the restaurants leave something to be desired. The accommodation capacity of the city is very low. Infrastructures are almost non-existent.

Leisure

Most young people in Bainet are on their own. No leisure or cultural center, let alone a cinema. A musical group always absent at the most important periods. "We just play cards or dominoes, because we have no choice," complains a youngster. Those with the economic means can always go to private nightclubs during the festival period with DJs. Others hang in the streets.

The tourist activities are not very intense however, during the summer the sites / beaches usually receive a large number of visitors. As for Leisure, the town has only a community library. It does not have a museum or theater. Football (soccer) is practied with three spaces available. The public square eventually serves as a playground for sports practitioners such as "Basketball" and "Volleyball". Athletics and Cycling are also present, but the absence of regular tracks handicaps the normal practice of these two sports disciplines.

Three "Forts" considered as historical sites are part of the cultural heritage of the municipality of Bainet.

The isolation of localities, the lack of public authority, the numerous health and educational difficulties, the absence of a communal development plan and the insufficiency of drinking water are all problems Bainet is confronted. Paradoxically, Bainet is well provided with natural and historical sites. Wealth is underutilized.

PeopleEdit

Bainet people are an ethnic blend of African, Arabic, and French bloodlines. A particular racial mix among them is called Marabou. These people have exquisite mahogany-hued skin and beautiful hazel, blue, or green eyes.

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Commune of Bainet

Neighborhoods

BAI Bainet 86,755
VBN Ville de Bainet
BSL 1ère Section Brésilienne Rural 10,985 Bas-Fond, Bodor, Bois-l'État, Bommier, Bresilienne, Ca Gars, Carrefour Congo, Ca Salo, Ca Volel, Grande-Crête, Limba, Terre-Blanche, Terre-Noire, Trou-Mahot.
TMA 2ème Section Trou-Mahot Rural 10,132 Bareau, Basse, Cavalier, Chenet, Corail, Dénard, Doguine, Grandou, L'Ermitage, Manoir, Nan Bondieu, Nan Sans-Nègre, Source-Congo, Terre Rouge, Toulouye.
3ème Section La Vallèe de Bainet Rural 10,499 Berjin, Caille-Laurent, Ca Laneau, Douzil, Martino, Nan Cadet, Nan Pauvre Moune, Otage, Varache.
HGD 4ème Section Haut-Grandou Rural 5,168 Germain, Gori, La Biche, La Hatte, Roussel.
BGD 5ème Section Bas de Grandou Rural section 11,624 Aubry, Baptiste, Bellevue, Benoit, Bresil, Ca Cola, Camp-Pangnol, Coicou, Corail, Gascon, Gori, La Petite-Plaine, Lillet, Pointe-Jour, Pradine, Roche-Criee, Saufi, Savanette, Ti Bras, Zoranger.
BCX 6ème Section Bas de La Croix Rural 1,886 Molière
BGH 7ème Section Bras Gauche Rural 4,826 Courtois, Palmiste-Lamy, Pélagie.
ORG 8ème Section Oranger Rural 8,610 Bas-de-la-Croix, Bigot, Galby, La Biche, La Voute, Marécage, Nan Georges, Pimentière, Saurel, Saint-Joseph.
BGG 9ème Section Bas des Gris-Gris Rural 18,999 Berry, Cangrovi, Corail-l'Abbé, Dubois, Fond-Dennas, Fourneau, Grande-Saline, Imby, La Revoir, Moreau, Nan Diamant, Nan Rac, Plaine-Matayer, Sabousse, Saint-Antoine, Terre-Rouge.

Michael Vedrine

ReferencesEdit

Haiti Observer: "Bainet - A paradise on Earth" - [1]

La Nouvelliste: "Bainet - A sensible city for its resources" - [2]

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